How Christian Individualism Rebuilt The World Economy After WWII
In the past three articles, I referred to Training Within Industry, TWI – see here, here, and here. During the WWII era, the TWI program released a training manual on economics called the JET (Job Economics Training) manual.
TWI’s JET training adheres to the economic principles of American Exceptionalism, but what does this WWII program have to do with American Exceptionalism and the foundational aspect, Christian Principles and Values, of America? Was TWI driven only by the industrial need of the United States during the dire situation instituted as a result of WWII; or was it driven by something much deeper and more profound? The Director of the TWI program during WWII, C.R. Dooley, answers this:
As individuals we all believe this, but as groups we take the defensive. As individuals we give everything we have to those few nearest to us, but as the circle widens we become possessive and belligerent. As individuals we are courageous and stand for what we think is right, without hesitation. As members of a group we fight to preserve the group though it destroys the individuals who built it.
With Christ the dignity of the individual was born, but the struggle still goes on to recognize the individual within the group.
Once again, on Christmas Day we face this age-old problem with confidence that some day, notwithstanding centuries of struggle, groups of individuals will learn the importance of the dignity and true worth of every individual soul, for whom the very existence of any group is but to serve.
The TWI – Job Relations card says, “People must be treated as individuals.” This is both good Job Relations and the Christian way of life.
May all our Christmas gifts, given and received, remind us of the parts we play as individuals within the group that giving will be the rule some day among organized groups, industry, labor and nations, as it is and always has been among individuals.
Director, TWI Foundation
The TWI methodology originated back in the early 1800s by a German educator and philosopher, Johann Herbart. In fact, in an 1896 book on Johann Herbart and his methods, Herbart and the Herbartians, Charles De Garmo discloses that proper education, especially in regard to the pedagogy of Herbart, requires the study of scripture. Specifically, it refers to the study of the Patriarchs, Judges, Kings, the life of Christ, the Apostle Paul, and formation of the church, along with other classical readings and history.
TWI Director Dooley understood the key to this exceptionalism was building a strong individual; and both men received this wisdom from their own Christian Faith – the Foundation of America.
But as we have witnessed since these heroic efforts during the war…
Unfortunately, however, it seems in an age largely ignorant of the past, every couple of generations we have to relearn the forgotten lessons of earlier times. The tragedy of current federal activism in the name of economic recovery is that our nation’s leaders have either forgotten, or ignored, the accumulating evidence that government efforts to heal sick economies are usually failures.
 C.R. Dooley, December 16, 1944, TWI News Letter.
 Charles De Garmo, 1896, Herbart and the Herbartians, (New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons), pp. 119-120.
 Richard Vedder, Spring 2010, “Explaining the Great Depression,” Claremont Review of Books, Vol. X, No. 2, p. 48.
Originally published on Townhall Finance.
Jim Huntzinger began his career as a manufacturing engineer with Aisin Seiki (a Toyota Group company and manufacturer of automotive components) when they transplanted to North America to support Toyota. Over his career he has also researched at length the evolution of manufacturing in the United States with an emphasis on lean’s influence and development. In addition to his research on TWI, he has extensively researched the history of Ford’s Highland Park plant and its direct tie to Toyota’s business model and methods of operation.
Huntzinger is the President and Founder of Lean Frontiers and a graduate from Purdue University with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering Technology and received a M.S. in Engineering Management from the Milwaukee School of Engineering. He authored the book, Lean Cost Management: Accounting for Lean by Establishing Flow, was a contributing author to Lean Accounting: Best Practices for Sustainable Integration.
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